Sociology: What is the Nature of Sociology of Education

Sociology: What is the Nature of Sociology of Education

The term Sociology has been derived from the two words ‘Societus’ and ‘logos’ which means society and science. Sociology of education may be derived as the scientific analysis of the social patterns involved in the educational system. The sociology of education includes the analysis of the relationship of the educational system to other aspects of society. This analysis is done with respect to several subdivisions which is-

  1. The functions of education in the culture.
  2. The relationship of the educational system to the process of social control and the power system.
  3. The function of educational system in the process of social and cultural change or in the maintenance of the status.
  4. The relationship of education to the social class or status system.
  5. The functioning of the formal educational system in the relationship among racial ethnic and other groups.

Thus, the nature of sociology of education is-

  1. Stress on Professional or Vocational Education- The sociological tendency lays stress on enabling the child to earn his livelihood through professional education.
  2. Opposition to Individual- The sociological tendency was born out of reaction to individualism. It stresses the importance of society as against the individual.
  3. Social Progress as the aim of Education- Social welfare is the aim ascribed to education by the sociological tendency. Children should be trained only for this through a system of free and compulsory education. This should make them responsible members of society.
  4. Faith in Democracy- In democracy, education is based on the cooperation between the state and society and besides the success of democracy depends upon the education its members.
  5. Classification of Social problems- The sociological tendency classifies social problems and suggests ways and means of solving them through education. Many social reforms can be brought about by education and it can create an entirely new generation when may be free of the defects inherent in the older generation.
  6. Raising the Standard of Social life- The sociological aim of education is to raise the standard of social life by achieving the child’s comprehensive development. Education must train the individual to fulfill his social responsibilities.
  7. Importance to Social life in the school- Educational sociology is the application of sociological principles in the society. It is now suggested that authorities should encourage the formation of committees which train the child for later social life.
  8. Education as an agency of Social progress- According to sociologists education is the best means of social control, social change and thus finally of social progress.

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