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Relationship between Education and Society

Relationship between Education and Society

Following our relationship between education and Society:

  1. Education perform certain functions for the society as whole, Emile Durkhemi says that the major function of education is the transmission off society’s norms and values. He maintains that, “society can survive only if there exist among its members a sufficient degree of homogeneity; education perpetuates and reinforces this homogeneity by fixing the child from the beginning the essential similarities which collective life demands”. Without these essential similarities, cooperation, social solidarity and therefore social life would be impossible. The vital task of all society is the creation of solidarity. This involves a commitment to society, a sense of belonging and feeling that social unit is more important than the individual. Durkheim argues that to become attached to society the child must feel in it’s something that is real, Alive and powerful, which dominate the person and to which he also owe the best part of himself.
  2. Education, in particular the teaching of history provide this link between the individual and Society. If the history of his society is brought alive to the child, he will come to see that he is a part of something larger than himself, he will develop a sense of commitment to the social group. By reflecting the operation of society as a whole, the school prepares young people for their adult As a part of whole, school socialize young people into the basic values of society. These values have important functions in society as a whole.
  3. Education not only transmits a general ruling class ideology which justifies and legitimates the capitalist system. It also reproduces the attitudes and behaviour required by the major groups in the division of labour. It teaches workers to accept and submit to their exploitation, it teaches the agents of ‘exploitation and repression’, the managers, administrators and politicians, how to practice their crafts and rule the work force as agents of ruling class.
  4. It can be stated here that education performs certain role for the society. At the same time, education is also conditioned by the social structure. Society creates educational institutions such as schools, colleges and universities to perform certain functions in accomplishing its end. The educational system may be viewed as a part of the total social system. It reflects and influents the social and cultural order of which it is a part. The class system, the cultural values, the power structure, the balance between individual freedom and social control, the degree of urbanisation and industrialization all these factors exercise a profound influence on school system of any society.
  5. There is also a functional relationship between education and economic system. Skills and values learned in education are directly related to the way in which the economy and the occupational structure operate. Education trains the individuals in skills that are required by the economy. Similarly, education is also influenced by economy. Today, the rapid expansion of the tertiary occupation in industrial societies has produced an increasing demand for clerical, technical, professional and managerial skills. Education reflects these changes in the society.
  6. The educational system is the steady increase in the bent of specialization of educational provision and the rapid expansion of higher and vocational education. In a changing society, the interdependence of social institutions has a good deal of significance, to quote Ogburn and Nimkoff, ”for a change in one institution may affect other institutions.” For example, when a country changes its constitution, the change is never confined to its political institutions. Corresponding changes take place in economic relationships in the educational system, in the class structure and so on. All the social institutions would be in balance, each being adjusted to other forming a single unified scheme.
  7. Education is a social concern. It is a social process. Its objective is to develop and awaken in the child those physical, intellectual and moral states which are acquired of the individual by his society as a whole and the milieu for which he is specially destined. It is the significant means of socialization. The function of education is to socialize the young by imparting to them norms and values, culture and heritage and to provide them with skills and placement.

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