NCERT: Role of NCERT | Organisation of NCERT
The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous organisation established on 1st September 1961 at New Delhi to improve school education. It functions as an academic wing of the Ministry of Education under the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The Ministry of Education uses expertise in formulating and implementing its policies and programmes in the field of school education. The NCERT has a general body, whose members are all the State Ministers of Education and eminent educationists and teachers. NCERT is completely financed by the government of India.
Role / Functions of NCERT
- Research- Independently or in collaboration with organisations, it undertakes research in the field of education.
- Training- By organizing pre-service and in-service training mainly at an advanced level it develops new training programmes.
- Instructional Material- It prepares instructional material required by the teachers and students.
- Extension Services- It organizes extension services.
- Studies, Investigation and Surveys- It undertake and organize studies, investigations and surveys related to educational matters.
- Dissemination- It disseminates improved techniques and practices.
- Clearing House- It acts as a clearing house for ideas and information on all matters relating to school education.
- Advice- It advises the Centre and the States as well as other academic institutions in matters pertaining to school education.
- Policy Implementation- In addition to dealing with specific development and research activities on its own initiative, it undertakes the implementation of the policies and programmes of the Ministry.
- Different fields- It deals with specific problems in different fields like curriculum, textbooks, publication, examination, etc. and undertakes research in these fields with a view to improves the quality of education at school level.
Organisation of NCERT
- Advisory Committees- NCERT has several Advisory Committees on which various educational organs are represented at the state level. It works in close co-operation with the education departments in the states.
- Field Advisors- It has a network of 15 offices of field advisors in different states in order to carry out its functions effectively. It also maintains close collaboration with Universities and interacts with similar international and national organisation throughout the world.
- Constituents- The various constituents of the NCERT are the National Institute of Education (NIE), Centre for Educational Technology (CET), Regional Colleges of Education (RCE) which has recently been designated as Regional Institute of Education (RIE) situated at Ajmer, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar and Mysore.
- National Institute of Education (NIE)- It is one of the most important constituents of NCERT which was established in Delhi. It is concerned with conducting research on problems of school education. It is a research and development organisation concerned with all problems of school education including the school curriculum, textbooks, examinations research and reforms, teacher-training programmes etc.
The organisation of NCERT includes several departments such as Department of Educational Psychology, Department of School Education, Department of Education in Science and Mathematics, Department of Text Books, Department of Teaching Aids, Department of Teacher Education, Publication Department etc. It has a Survey and Data Processing Unit which conducts educational surveys and also assists different departments in their work. The other units of NIE are National Talent Search Unit, Examination Research Unit, Examination Reform Unit, Work-experience and Vocationalisation of Education Unit and Policy Planning and Evaluation Unit Library and Documentation Unit of the Campus.
NCERT organizes training programmes, seminars and workshops for teachers, teacher-educators, educational administrators etc. It serves as the chief institutional agency for developing research, advanced training and extension services.
- Centre of Educational Technology (CIET)- In 1973, NCERT set up the Centre for Educational Technology (CET), an institution located at New Delhi with the Director of NCERT as its Director. It has units on Programmed learning, Educational Television, Innovation, Production and Evaluation which is concerned with innovation and their development in education using various media for school education.
- Regional Institute of Education (RIE)- NCERT maintains four Regional Institutes of Education at Ajmer, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar and Mysore, concerned with pre-service and in-service training courses as follows-
- Four year courses in Science and languages i.e., B.Sc. B.Ed. (Hons.) and B.A. B.Ed. (Hons.)
- One year B.Ed. course in Science, Commerce, Agriculture and Languages.
- Ed. courses.
- Post-graduate Programmes in Science only at RIE, Mysore.
- Summer School-cum-Correspondence courses leading to the B.Ed. degree.
- Extension work and In-service training in a variety of subjects including work-experience.
- Summer Institutes, particularly for Science teachers.
Objectives of RIE
- To develop and provide a programme of teacher-education for the multipurpose schools.
- To prepare teachers for technical subjects, science, crafts, agriculture, commerce, home-science and fine arts.
- To provide in-service programmes and field services for the teachers, supervisors and administrators concerned with the multipurpose schools in the region, in which it is located.
- To organize and develop a model demonstration multi-purpose school.
- To function as regional regional centre for programmes or in-service education and field services for secondary school in general.
- To undertake pilot studies and research projects in the methods of teaching, in relation to the multi-purpose schools as well as the general secondary school.
- To prepare and disseminate instructional materials for secondary schools in general and multi-purpose schools in particular.
- General body of NCERT- Union Education Minister as the president of the general of NCERT, All the Education ministers in the States and Union territories, the Chief Executive Councillor, Delhi, the U.G.C. Chairman; Secretary, Ministry of Education, Govt. of India; four Vice Chancellors of Universities, one from each region; 12 nominees of the government of India among whom four are teachers and all members of the executive committee, the general body takes policy decisions at the highest level and in mutually agreed manner.
- Executive Committee- The administration of NCERT is vested in the Executive Committee with the Union Education Minister as its President, and the Minister of State for Education as its Vice-President. Other members are Deputy Ministers of education in the Ministry, the Director and Joint Director of NCERT; the Chairman of UGC; one representative each of the Union Education Ministry and Union Ministry of Finance and two eminent educationists. The Executive Committee takes decision on all matters concerning the affairs of NCERT.
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